Show cover of CISO Tradecraft®

CISO Tradecraft®

Welcome to CISO Tradecraft®. A podcast designed to take you through the adventure of becoming a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and learning about cyber security. This podcast was started because G Mark Hardy and Ross Young felt impressed to help others take their Information Security Skills to an executive level. We are thrilled to be your guides to lead you through the various domains of becoming a competent and effective CISO.


#182 - Shaping the SOC of Tomorrow (with Debbie Gordon)
This episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosted by G Mark Hardy, features special guest Debbie Gordon. The discussion focuses on the critical role of Security Operations Centers (SOCs) in an organization's cybersecurity efforts, emphasizing the importance of personnel, skill development, and maintaining a high-performing team. It covers the essential aspects of building and managing a successful SOC, from hiring and retaining skilled incident responders to measuring their performance and productivity. The conversation also explores the benefits of simulation-based training with CloudRange Cyber, highlighting how such training can improve job satisfaction, reduce incident response times, and help organizations meet regulatory requirements. Through this in-depth discussion, listeners gain insights into best practices for enhancing their organization's cybersecurity posture and developing key skill sets to defend against evolving cyber threats. Cloud Range Cyber: Transcripts:  Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:04 The Indispensable Role of Security Operations Centers (SOCs) 02:07 Building an Effective SOC: Starting with People 03:04 Measuring Productivity and Performance in Your SOC 05:36 The Importance of Continuous Training and Simulation in Cybersecurity 09:00 Debbie Gordon on the Evolution of Cyber Training 11:54 Developing Cybersecurity Talent: The Importance of Simulation Training 14:46 The Critical Role of People in Cybersecurity 21:57 The Impact of Regulations on Cybersecurity Practices 24:36 The Importance of Proactive Cybersecurity Training 26:26 Redefining Cybersecurity Roles and Training Approaches 30:08 Leveraging Cyber Ranges for Real-World Cybersecurity Training 36:03 Evaluating and Enhancing Cybersecurity Skills and Team Dynamics 37:49 Maximizing Cybersecurity Training ROI and Employee Engagement 41:40 Exploring CloudRange Cyber's Training Solutions 43:28 Conclusion: The Future of Cybersecurity Training
44:30 5/20/24
#181 - Inside the 2024 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy discusses the findings of the 2024 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR), covering over 10,000 breaches. Beginning with a brief history of the DBIR's inception in 2008, Hardy highlights the evolution of cyber threats, such as the significance of patching vulnerabilities and the predominance of hacking and malware. The report identifies the top methods bad actors use for exploiting companies, including attacking VPNs, desktop sharing software, web applications, conducting phishing, and stealing credentials, emphasizing the growing sophistication of attacks facilitated by technology like ChatGPT for phishing and deepfake tech for social engineering. The episode touches on various cybersecurity measures, the omnipresence of multi-factor authentication (MFA) as a necessity rather than a best practice, and the surge in denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Hardy also discusses generative AI's role in enhancing social engineering attacks and the potential impact of deepfake content on elections and corporate reputations. Listeners are encouraged to download the DBIR for a deeper dive into its findings. Transcripts:  Chapters 00:00 Welcome to CISO Tradecraft 00:35 Celebrating Milestones and Offering Services 01:39 Diving into the Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report 04:22 Top Attack Methods: VPNs and Desktop Sharing Software Vulnerabilities 09:24 The Rise of Phishing and Credential Theft 19:43 Advanced Threats: Deepfakes and Generative AI 23:23 Closing Thoughts and Recommendations
24:38 5/13/24
#180 - There's Room For Everybody In Your Router (with Giorgio Perticone)
In this joint episode of the Security Break podcast and CISO Tradecraft podcast, hosts from both platforms come together to discuss a variety of current cybersecurity topics. They delve into the challenge of filtering relevant information in the cybersecurity sphere, elaborate on different interpretations of the same news based on the reader's background, and share a detailed analysis on specific cybersecurity news stories. The discussion covers topics such as the implications of data sharing without user consent by major wireless providers and the fines imposed by the FCC, the significance of increasing bug bounty payouts by tech companies like Google, and a comprehensive look at how edge devices are exploited by hackers to create botnets for various cyberattacks. The conversation addresses the complexity of the cybersecurity landscape, including how different actors with varied objectives can simultaneously compromise the same devices, making it difficult to attribute attacks and protect networks effectively. Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Welcome to a Special Joint Episode: Security Break & CISO Tradecraft 01:27 The Challenge of Filtering Cybersecurity Information 04:23 Exploring the FCC's Fine on Wireless Providers for Privacy Breaches 06:41 The Complex Landscape of Data Privacy Regulations 16:00 The Economics of Data Breaches and Regulatory Fines 24:23 Bug Bounties and the Value of Security Research 33:21 Exploring the Economics of Cybersecurity 33:50 The Lucrative World of Bug Bounties 34:38 The Impact of Security Vulnerabilities on Businesses 35:50 Navigating the Complex Landscape of Cybersecurity 36:22 The Ethical Dilemma of Selling Exploit Information 37:32 Understanding the Market Dynamics of Cybersecurity 38:00 Focusing on Android Application Security 38:34 The Importance of Targeting in Cybersecurity Efforts 42:33 Exploring the Threat Landscape of Edge Devices 46:37 The Challenge of Securing Outdated Technology 49:28 The Role of Cybersecurity in Modern Warfare 53:15 Strategies for Enhancing Cybersecurity Defenses 01:05:25 Concluding Thoughts on Cybersecurity Challenges
66:55 5/6/24
#179 - The 7 Broken Pillars of Cybersecurity
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G. Mark Hardy discusses seven critical issues facing the cybersecurity industry, offering a detailed analysis of each problem along with counterarguments. The concerns range from the lack of a unified cybersecurity license, the inefficiency and resource waste caused by auditors, to the need for a federal data privacy law. Hardy emphasizes the importance of evaluating policies, prioritizing effective controls, and examining current industry practices. He challenges the audience to think about solutions and encourages sharing opinions and additional concerns, aiming to foster a deeper understanding and improvement within the field of cybersecurity. Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:28 Introducing the Seven Broken Things in Cybersecurity 02:00 1. The Lack of a Unified Cybersecurity License 06:53 2. The Problem with Cybersecurity Auditors 10:09 3. The Issue with Treating All Controls as High Priority 14:12 4. The Obsession with New Cybersecurity Tools 19:23 5. Misplaced Accountability in Cybersecurity 22:38 6. Rethinking Degree Requirements for Cybersecurity Jobs 26:49 7. The Need for Federal Data Privacy Laws 30:53 Closing Thoughts and Call to Action
32:03 4/29/24
#178 - Cyber Threat Intelligence (with Jeff Majka & Andrew Dutton)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosts G Mark Hardy and guests Jeff Majka and Andrew Dutton discuss the vital role of competitive threat intelligence in cybersecurity. They explore how Security Bulldog's AI-powered platform helps enterprise cybersecurity teams efficiently remediate vulnerabilities by processing vast quantities of data, thereby saving time and enhancing productivity. The conversation covers the importance of diverse threat intelligence sources, including open-source intelligence and insider threat awareness, and the strategic value of AI in analyzing and prioritizing data to manage cybersecurity risks effectively. The discussion also touches on the challenges and potentials of AI in cybersecurity, including the risks of data poisoning and the ongoing battle between offensive and defensive cyber operations. The Security Bulldog: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:56 Introducing the Experts: Insights from the Field 02:43 Unpacking Cybersecurity Intelligence: Definitions and Importance 04:02 Exploring Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI): Applications and Strategies 13:11 The Role of AI in Enhancing Cybersecurity Efforts 16:43 Navigating the Complex Landscape of Cyber Threats and Defenses 19:07 The Future of AI in Cybersecurity: A Balancing Act 22:33 Exploring AI's Role in Cybersecurity 22:50 The Practical Application of AI in Cybersecurity 25:08 Challenges and Trust Issues with AI in Cybersecurity 26:52 Managing AI's Risks and Ensuring Reliability 31:00 The Evolution and Impact of AI Tools in Cyber Threat Intelligence 34:45 Choosing the Right AI Solution for Cybersecurity Needs 37:27 The Business Case for AI in Cybersecurity 41:22 Final Thoughts and the Future of AI in Cybersecurity  
45:33 4/22/24
#177 - 2024 CISO Mindmap (with Rafeeq Rehman)
This episode of CISO Tradecraft features a comprehensive discussion between host G Mark Hardy and guest Rafeeq Rehman, centered around the evolving role of CISOs, the impact of Generative AI, and strategies for effective cybersecurity leadership. Rafeeq shares insights on the CISO Mind Map, a tool for understanding the breadth of responsibilities in cybersecurity leadership, and discusses various focal areas for CISOs in 2024-2025, including the cautious adoption of Gen AI, tool consolidation, cyber resilience, branding for security teams, and maximizing the business value of security controls. The episode also addresses the importance of understanding and adapting to technological advancements, advocating for cybersecurity as a business-enabling function, and the significance of lifelong learning in information security. Cybersecurity Learning Saturday: 2024 CISO Mindmap: Transcripts: Chapters  00:00 Introduction 00:57 Rafeeq Rehman: Beyond the CISO MindMap 04:17 The Evolution of the CISO MindMap 08:30 AI and the Future of Cybersecurity Leadership 11:47 Embracing Change: The Role of AI in Cybersecurity 14:16 Generative AI: Hype, Reality, and Strategic Advice for CISOs 22:32 Navigating the Future Job Market with AI 22:53 Framing AI for Specific Roles 24:12 Harnessing Creativity with Generative AI 25:14 Consolidating Security Tools for Efficiency 28:31 Evaluating Security Tools: A Deep Dive 32:21 Cyber Resilience: Beyond Incident Response 35:51 Building a Business-Focused Security Strategy 39:39 Maximizing Business Value Through Security 43:15 Looking Ahead: Focus Areas for the Future 43:53 Concluding Thoughts and Future Predictions
46:28 4/15/24
#176 - Reality-Based Leadership (with Alex Dorr)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy welcomes Alex Dorr to discuss Reality-Based Leadership and its impact on reducing workplace drama and enhancing productivity. Alex shares his journey from professional basketball to becoming an evangelist of reality-based leadership, revealing how this approach helped him personally and professionally. They delve into the concepts of SBAR (Situation, Background, Analysis, Recommendation) for effective communication, toggling between low self and high self to manage personal reactions, and practical tools like 'thinking inside the box' to confront and solve workplace issues within given constraints. The conversation underscores the importance of focusing on actionable strategies over arguing with the drama and reality of workplace dynamics, aiming to foster a drama-free, engaged, and productive work environment. Alex Dorr's Linkedin: Reality-Based Leadership Website:  Transcripts:    Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:57 Alex Dorr's Journey from Basketball to Leadership Expert 03:54 The Core Principles of Reality-Based Leadership 06:20 Understanding the Human Condition in the Workplace 09:19 Tackling Workplace Drama with Reality-Based Leadership 11:58 The Power of Positive Energy Management 17:42 Navigating Unpreferred Realities and Finding Impact 19:44 Reality-Based Leadership in Action: Techniques and Outcomes 23:12 The Importance of Skill Development Over Perfecting Reality 24:32 The Challenge of Employee Engagement 25:49 Secrets to Embracing Reality and Taking Action 25:58 Leadership vs. Management: Navigating Workplace Dynamics 28:28 Empowering Employees with the SBAR Framework 34:04 Addressing Venting and Negative Behaviors 36:17 Developing People: The Core of Leadership 37:50 Choosing Happiness Over Being Right 40:15 Integrating New Leadership Models and Making Them Stick 46:24 Concluding Thoughts and Contact Information
47:45 4/8/24
#175 - Navigating NYDFS Cyber Regulation
This episode of CISO Tradecraft dives deep into the New York Department of Financial Services Cybersecurity Regulation, known as Part 500. Hosted by G Mark Hardy, the podcast outlines the significance of this regulation for financial services companies and beyond. Hardy emphasizes that Part 500 serves as a high-level framework applicable not just in New York or the financial sector but across various industries globally due to its comprehensive cybersecurity requirements. The discussion includes an overview of the regulation's history, amendments to enhance governance and incident response, and a detailed analysis of key sections such as multi-factor authentication, audit trails, access privilege management, and incident response. Additionally, the need for written policies, designating a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), and ensuring adequate resources for implementing a cybersecurity program are highlighted. The podcast also offers guidance on how to approach certain regulatory mandates, emphasizing the importance of teamwork between CISOs, legal teams, and executive management to comply with and benefit from the regulation's requirements. AuditScripts: NYDFS:  Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:35 Why Part 500 Matters Beyond New York 01:48 The Evolution of Financial Cybersecurity Regulations 03:20 Understanding Part 500: Definitions and Amendments 08:44 The Importance of Multi-Factor Authentication 14:33 Navigating the Complexities of Cybersecurity Regulations 20:23 The Critical Role of Asset Management and Access Privileges 25:37 The Essentials of Application Security and Risk Assessment 31:11 Incident Response and Business Continuity Management 32:36 Concluding Thoughts on NYDFS Cybersecurity Regulation
33:24 4/1/24
#174 - OWASP Top 10 Web Application Attacks
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G. Mark Hardy delves into the crucial topic of the OWASP Top 10 Web Application Security Risks, offering insights on how attackers exploit vulnerabilities and practical advice on securing web applications. He introduces OWASP and its significant contributions to software security, then progresses to explain each of the OWASP Top 10 risks in detail, such as broken access control, injection flaws, and security misconfigurations. Through examples and recommendations, listeners are equipped with the knowledge to better protect their web applications and ultimately improve their cybersecurity posture. OWASP Cheat Sheets: OWASP Top 10: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:11 Introducing OWASP: A Pillar in Cybersecurity 02:28 The Evolution of Web Vulnerabilities 05:01 Exploring Web Application Security Risks 07:46 Diving Deep into OWASP Top 10 Risks 09:28 1) Broken Access Control 14:09 2) Cryptographic Failures 18:40 3) Injection Attacks 23:57 4) Insecure Design 25:15 5) Security Misconfiguration 29:27 6) Vulnerable and Outdated Software Components 32:31 7) Identification and Authentication Failures 36:49 8) Software and Data Integrity Failures 38:46 9) Security Logging and Monitoring Practices 40:32 10) Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) 42:15 Recap and Conclusion: Mastering Web Application Security
44:23 3/25/24
#173 - Mastering Vulnerability Management
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy delves into the critical subject of vulnerability management for cybersecurity leaders. The discussion begins with defining the scope and importance of vulnerability management, referencing Park Foreman's comprehensive approach beyond mere patching, to include identification, classification, prioritization, remediation, and mitigation of software vulnerabilities. Hardy emphasizes the necessity of a strategic vulnerability management program to prevent exploitations by bad actors, illustrating how vulnerabilities are exploited using tools like ExploitDB, Metasploit, and Shodan. He advises on deploying a variety of scanning tools to uncover different types of vulnerabilities across operating systems, middleware applications, and application libraries. Highlighting the importance of prioritization, Hardy suggests focusing on internet-facing and high-severity vulnerabilities first and discusses establishing service level agreements for timely patching. He also covers optimizing the patching process, the significance of accurate metrics in measuring program effectiveness, and the power of gamification and executive buy-in to enhance security culture. To augment the listener's knowledge and toolkit, Hardy recommends further resources, including OWASP TASM and books on effective vulnerability management. Transcripts: OWASP Threat and Safeguard Matrix - Effective Vulnerability Management - Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:56 Understanding Vulnerability Management 02:15 How Bad Actors Exploit Vulnerabilities 04:26 Building a Comprehensive Vulnerability Management Program 08:10 Prioritizing and Remediation of Vulnerabilities 13:09 Optimizing the Patching Process 15:28 Measuring and Improving Vulnerability Management Effectiveness 18:28 Gamifying Vulnerability Management for Better Results 20:38 Securing Executive Buy-In for Enhanced Security 21:15 Conclusion and Further Resources
22:16 3/18/24
#172 - Table Top Exercises
This episode of CISO Tradecraft, hosted by G Mark Hardy, delves into the concept, significance, and implementation of tabletop exercises in improving organizational security posture. Tabletop exercises are described as invaluable, informal training sessions that simulate hypothetical situations allowing teams to discuss and plan responses, thereby refining incident response plans and protocols. The podcast covers the advantages of conducting these exercises, highlighting their cost-effectiveness and the crucial role they play in crisis preparation and response. It also discusses various aspects of preparing for and executing a successful tabletop exercise, including setting objectives, selecting participants, creating scenarios, and the importance of a follow-up. Additionally, the episode touches on compliance aspects related to SOC 2 and the use of tabletop exercises to expose and address potential organizational weaknesses. The overall message underscores the importance of these exercises in preparing cybersecurity teams for real-world incidents. Outline & References: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:47 The Importance of Tabletop Exercises 01:53 The Benefits of Tabletop Exercises 03:06 How to Implement Tabletop Exercises 05:30 The Role of Tabletop Exercises in Compliance 08:24 The Participants in Tabletop Exercises 09:25 The Preparation for Tabletop Exercises 16:57 The Execution of Tabletop Exercises 21:58 Understanding Roles and Responsibilities in an Exercise 22:17 The Importance of a Hot Wash Up 23:36 Creating an After Action Report (AAR) 24:06 Implementing an Action Plan 24:34 Example Scenario: Network Administrator's Mistake 25:08 Formulating Targeted Questions for the Scenario 26:36 The Role of Innovation in Tabletop Exercises 27:11 The Connection Between Tabletop Exercises and Compliance 29:18 12 Key Steps to a Successful Exercise 30:43 The Importance of Realistic Scenarios 34:05 The Role of Communication in Crisis Management 37:33 The Impact of Cyber Attacks on Operations 39:57 The Importance of Tabletop Exercises and How to Get Started 40:35 Conclusion
41:33 3/11/24
#171 - Navigating Software Supply Chain Security (with Cassie Crossley)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy converses with Cassie Crossley, author of the book on software supply chain security. Hardy explores the importance of cybersecurity, the structure of software supply chains, and the potential risks they pose. Crossley shares her expert insights on different software source codes and the intricacies of secure development life cycle. She highlights the significance of Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) and the challenges in maintaining the integrity of software products. The discussion also covers the concept of counterfeits in the software world, stressing the need for continuous monitoring and a holistic approach towards cybersecurity. Link to the Book: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:44 Discussion on Software Supply Chain Security 02:33 Insights into Secure Development Life Cycle 03:20 Understanding the Importance of Supplier Landscape 05:09 The Role of Security in Software Supply Chain 07:29 The Impact of Vulnerabilities in Software Supply Chain 09:06 The Importance of Secure Software Development Life Cycle 14:13 The Role of Frameworks and Standards in Software Supply Chain Security 17:39 Understanding the Importance of Business Continuity Plan 20:53 The Importance of Security in Agile Development 24:01 Understanding OWASP and Secure Coding 24:20 The Importance of API Security 24:50 The Concept of Shift Left in Software Development 25:20 The Role of Culture in Software Development 25:52 Exploring Different Source Code Types 26:19 The Rise of Low Code, No Code Platforms 28:53 The Potential Risks of Generative AI Source Code 34:24 Understanding Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) 41:07 The Challenge of Spotting Counterfeit Software 41:36 The Importance of Integrity Checks in Software Development 45:45 Closing Thoughts and the Importance of Cybersecurity Awareness
46:57 3/4/24
#170 - Responsibility, Accountability, and Authority
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, the host, G Mark Hardy, delves into the concepts of responsibility, accountability, and authority. These are considered critical domains in any leadership position but are also specifically applicable in the field of cybersecurity. The host emphasizes the need for a perfect balance between these areas to avoid putting one in a scapegoat position, which is often common for CISOs. Drawing on his military and cybersecurity experiences, he provides insights into how responsibility, accountability, and authority can be perfectly aligned for the efficient execution of duties. He also addresses how these concepts intertwine with various forms of power - positional, coercive, expert, informational, reward, referent, and connection. The host further empathizes with CISOs often put in tricky situations where they are held accountable but lack the authority or resources to execute their roles effectively and provides suggestions for culture change within organizations to overcome these challenges. Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:22 Understanding Responsibility, Accountability, and Authority 01:20 The Role of Leadership in Cybersecurity 02:47 Exploring the Concepts of Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability 03:08 Applying Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability to the CISO Role 04:20 The Interplay of Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability 11:57 Understanding Power and Its Forms 12:43 The Impact of Power on Leadership and Influence 24:04 The Role of Connection Power in Today's Digital Age 24:40 Understanding Different Sources of Power 25:13 The Power of Networking and Connections 26:49 The Challenges of Being a CISO 29:19 Understanding the Value of Your Role 33:56 The Importance of Expert Power 37:46 The Consequences of Ignoring Maintenance 43:40 Aligning Responsibility, Accountability, and Authority 44:39 The Importance of Legal Protections for CISOs 45:30 Wrapping Up: Balancing Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability
46:41 2/26/24
#169 - MFA Mishaps
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy discusses various mishaps that can occur with Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) and how these can be exploited by attackers. The talk covers several scenarios such as the misuse of test servers, bypassing of MFA via malicious apps and phishing scams, violation of the Illinois Biometric Information Protection Act by using biometric data without proper consent, and potential future legal restrictions on biometric data usage. G Mark also highlights the significance of correct implementation of MFA to ensure optimum organizational security and how companies can fail to achieve this due to overlooking non-technical issues like legal consent for biometric data collection. Transcripts: References: Evil Proxy Attack- Microsoft Attack - Illinois Biometric Law - Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:43 Understanding Multi Factor Authentication 01:05 Exploring Different Levels of Authentication 03:30 The Risks of Multi Factor Authentication 03:51 The Importance of Password Management 04:27 Exploring the Use of Trusted Platform Module for Authentication 06:17 Understanding the Difference Between TPM and HSM 09:00 The Challenges of Implementing MFA in Enterprises 11:25 Exploring Real-World MFA Mishaps 15:30 The Risks of Overprivileged Test Systems 17:16 The Importance of Monitoring Non-Production Environments 19:02 Understanding Consent Phishing Scams 30:37 The Legal Implications of Biometric Data Collection 32:24 Conclusion and Final Thoughts
33:21 2/19/24
#168 - Cybersecurity First Principles (with Rick Howard)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy is joined by special guest Rick Howard, Chief Security Officer, Chief Analyst and Senior Fellow at CyberWire. Rick shares his insights on first principles in cybersecurity, discussing how these form the foundations of any cybersecurity strategy. He emphasizes the importance of understanding materiality and integrating the concept of time bound risk assessment to achieve a resilient cybersecurity environment. The episode also delves into the value of Fermi estimates and Bayes algorithm for risk calculation. Amid humor and personal anecdotes, Rick and Mark also reflect on their experiences during 9/11. Rick introduces his book, 'Cybersecurity First Principles', elucidating the rationale behind its conception. Link to the Cybersecurity First Principles Book: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 02:00 Guest's Career Journey and Achievements 08:49 Discussion on Cybersecurity First Principles 15:27 Understanding Materiality in Cybersecurity 21:56 The Gap Between Security Teams and Business Leaders 22:21 The Importance of Speaking the Language of Business 23:03 The Art of the Elevator Pitch 24:04 The Impact of Cybersecurity on Business Value 25:10 The Importance of a Clear Cybersecurity Strategy 26:04 The Value of Business Fluency in Cybersecurity 27:44 The Role of Risk Calculation in Cybersecurity 29:41 The Power of Estimation in Risk Management 30:33 The Importance of Understanding Business Imperatives 41:25 The Role of Culture and Risk Appetite in Cybersecurity 45:39 The First Principle of Cybersecurity
47:14 2/12/24
#167 - Cybersecurity Apprenticeships (with Craig Barber)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy is joined by guest Craig Barber, the Chief Information Security Officer at SugarCRM. They discuss the increasingly critical topic of cybersecurity apprenticeships and Craig shares his personal journey from technical network engineer to CISO. They delve into the benefits of apprenticeships for both the individual and the organization, drawing parallels with guilds and trade schools of the past and incorporating real-world examples. They also look at the potential challenges and pitfalls of such programs, providing insights for organizations considering creating an apprenticeship scheme. Lastly, they examine the key attributes of successful apprentices and how these contribute to building stronger, more diverse cybersecurity teams. Craig Barber's Profile: Transcripts Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:23 Understanding Cybersecurity Apprenticeships 02:43 The Role of Mentorship in Cybersecurity 04:09 The Benefits of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships 07:17 The Evolution of Apprenticeships in the Tech Industry 10:00 The Value of Apprenticeships in Building Loyalty 11:08 The Difference Between Internships and Apprenticeships 15:32 The Role of Apprenticeships in Addressing the Skills Shortage 19:15 The Challenges of Implementing Apprenticeships 26:28 The Future of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships 44:32 Conclusion: The Value of Cybersecurity Apprenticeships
44:36 2/5/24
#166 - Cyber Acronyms You Should Know
This video introduces a newly proposed acronym in the world of cybersecurity known as the 'Cyber UPDATE'. The acronym breaks down into Unchanging, Perimeterizing, Distributing, Authenticating and Authorizing, Tracing, and Ephemeralizing. The video aims to explain each component of the acronym and its significance in enhancing cybersecurity.  References:  Transcripts Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:34 Cybersecurity Acronyms: Pre-1990s 02:26 STRIDE and DREAD Models 02:39 PICERL and MITRE Models 05:04 Defining Cybersecurity 07:52 CIA Triad and Its Importance 09:00 Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability 11:52 The Parkerian Hexad 17:30 D.I.E. Triad Concept 24:28 Cybersecurity UPDATE 24:51 Unchanging 25:46 Perimeterizing 29:36 Distributing 29:50 Authenticating 33:58 Tracing 36:07 Ephemeralizing 
38:49 1/29/24
#165 - Modernizing Our SOC Ingest (with JP Bourget)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy interviews JP Bourget about the security data pipeline and how modernizing SOC ingest can improve efficiency and outcomes. Featuring discussions on cybersecurity leadership, API integrations, and the role of AI and advanced model learning in future data lake architectures. They discuss how vendor policies can impact data accessibility. They also reflect on their shared Buffalo roots and because their professional journeys. Tune in for valuable insights from top cybersecurity experts. Transcripts:  Chapters 00:00 Introduction 00:50 Guest's Background and Journey 05:27 Discussion on Security Data Pipeline 07:19 Introduction to SOAR 08:01 Benefits and Challenges of SOAR 12:40 Guest's Current Work and Company 14:04 Security Data Pipeline Modernization 22:20 Discussion on Vendor Integration 29:09 Security Pipeline Approach and AI 38:03 Closing Thoughts and Future Directions
44:34 1/22/24
#164 - The 7 Lies in Cyber
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, we debunk seven common lies pervasive in the cybersecurity industry. From the fallacy of achieving a complete inventory before moving onto other controls, the misconception about the accuracy of AppSec tools, to the fear of being viewed as a cost center - we delve deep into these misconceptions, elucidating their roots and impacts. We also discuss how ISO and FAIR, audits and certifications, risk assessments, and mandatory cyber incident reporting may not always be as straightforward as they seem. The episode is not only an eye-opener but also provides insightful guidance on how to navigate these misconceptions and enhance the effectiveness of your cybersecurity measures. CloudGoat EC2 SSRF- OWASP Benchmark - Transcripts - Chapters 00:12 Introduction 00:56 The Lie of Accurate Inventory 05:29 The Lie of Accurate Risk Assessment 08:41 The Lie of Shifting Left in DevSecOps 13:45 The Lie of Certifications Ensuring Security 18:33 The Lie of Reporting Cyber Incidents in 72 Hours 20:44 The Lie of Accurate Application Security Tools 22:07 The Lie of Cybersecurity Not Being a Cost Center 24:44 Conclusion and Recap of Cybersecurity Lies 
29:02 1/15/24
#163 - Operational Resilience
Join G Mark Hardy in this episode of the CISO Tradecraft podcast where he details how cyber protects revenue. He clarifies how cybersecurity is seen as a cost center by most organizations, but stresses how it can become a protector of business profits. Concepts like Operational Resilience Framework (ORF) Version 2 by the Global Resilience Federation are discussed in depth. Hardy also outlines seven steps from ORF to operational resilience including implementing industry-recognized frameworks, understanding the organization's role in the ecosystem, defining viable service levels, and more.    Link to the ORF - Transcripts - Chapters 00:12 Introduction 01:47 Introduction to Operational Resilience Framework 02:38 Understanding Resilience and Antifragility 03:32 Common Cybersecurity Attacks and How to Anticipate Them 06:22 Building Resilience in Cybersecurity 09:43 Operational Resilience Framework: Steps and Principles 17:50 Preserving Datasets and Implementing Recovery Processes 20:18 Evaluating and Testing Your Disaster Recovery Plan 21:11 Recap of Operational Resilience Framework Steps 22:04 CISO Tradecraft Services and Closing Remarks
23:09 1/8/24
#162 - CISO Predictions for 2024
Looking for accurate predictions on what 2024 holds for cybersecurity? Tune into our latest episode of CISO Tradecraft for intriguing insights and industry trends. Listen now and boost your cybersecurity knowledge! Earn CPEs: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 02:11 1) CISOs flock to buy private liability and D&O insurance. It also becomes the norm for CISO hiring agreements. 05:25 2) CISO reporting structure changes. No more reporting to the CIO. 11:43 3) More CISOs get implicated in lawsuits, but the lawsuits rule in favor of the CISO. 13:36 4) Harder to find cyber talent since universities are not graduating as many students. This plus inflation increases result in major spike in cyber salaries 16:59 5) Cyber industry minimizes external consulting costs to weather reduced revenues during recession 19:44 6) AI-generated fraud will increase significantly 22:15 7) Shadow AI will result in Hidden Vulnerabilities 24:24 8) LLM attacks new vector for "AI-enabled" companies 27:23 9) Cyber insurance exclusions will tend to normalize and will prescribe activities that must be done if payout to occur 31:44 10) Self-driving cars will encounter regulatory setback 34:02 Review of Last Year's Predictions 41:03 Actionable Items for the Future 41:29 Closing Remarks and Invitation for 2024
42:47 1/1/24
#161 - Secure Developer Training Programs (with Scott Russo) Part 2
In the second half of the discussion about secure developer training programs, G Mark Hardy and Scott Russo delve deeper into how to engineer an effective cybersecurity course. They discuss the importance and impact of automation and shifting left, the customization needed for different programming languages and practices, and the role of gamification in engagement and learning. The conversation also touches upon anticipating secular trends, compliance with privacy and data protection regulations, different leaning styles and preferences, and effective strategies to enhance courses based on participant feedback. Scott highlights the lasting impacts and future implications of secure developer training, especially with the advent of generative AI in code generation. ISACA Event (10 Jan 2024) With G Mark Hardy - Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 01:08 Importance of Ongoing Support and Mentorship 01:46 The Role of Community in Training 03:03 Hands-on Exercises and Practical Experience 06:01 Success Stories and Testimonials 08:29 Incorporating Security Trends into Training 11:08 Balancing Security with Developer Productivity 18:17 Teaching Secure Coding Practices in Different Languages 20:27 Engaging and Motivating Participants 22:51 Promoting the Program: Engaging and Fun 23:37 Accommodating Different Learning Styles 24:16 Catering to Self-Paced Learners 26:19 Addressing Proficiency Levels and Remediation 28:55 Compliance with Privacy and Data Protection Regulations 30:48 Breaking Down Complex Security Concepts 32:05 Creating a Culture of Security Awareness 33:25 Partnerships and Collaborations in Secure Development 35:10 Feedback and Improvement of the Program 36:12 Cost Considerations for Secure Developer Training 39:20 Tracking Participants' Progress and Completion Rates 41:23 Trends in Secure Developer Training 43:42 Final Thoughts on Secure Developer Training
45:21 12/25/23
#160 - Secure Developer Training Programs (with Scott Russo) Part 1
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy invites Scott Russo, a cybersecurity and engineering expert for a deep dive into the creation and maintenance of secure developer training programs. Scott discusses the importance of hands-on engaging training and the intersection of cybersecurity with teaching and mentorship. Scott shares his experiences building a secure developer training program, emphasizing the importance of gamification, tiered training, showmanship, and real-world examples to foster engagement and efficient learning. Note this episode will continue in with a part two in the next episode ISACA Event (10 Jan 2024) With G Mark Hardy - Scott Russo - HBR Balanced Scorecard - Transcripts - Youtube -  Chapters 00:00 Introduction 03:00 Overview of Secure Developer Training Program 04:46 Motivation Behind Creating the Training Program 06:03 Objectives of the Secure Developer Training Program 07:45 Defining the Term 'Secure Developer' 14:49 Keeping the Training Program Current and Engaging 21:10 Real World Impact of the Training Program 21:46 Understanding the Cybersecurity Budget Argument 21:58 Incorporating Real World Examples into Training 22:26 Personal Experiences and Stories in Training 24:06 Industry Best Practices and Standards 24:18 Aligning with OWASP Top 10 25:53 Balancing OWASP Top 10 with Other Standards 26:12 The Importance of Good Stories in Training 26:32 Duration of the Training Program 28:37 Resources Required for the Training Program 32:23 Measuring the Effectiveness of the Training Program 36:07 Gamification and Certifications in Training 38:56 Tailoring Training to Different Levels of Experience 41:03 Conclusion and Final Thoughts  
42:21 12/18/23
#159 - Refreshing Your Cybersecurity Strategy
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G. Mark Hardy guides listeners on how to refresh their cybersecurity strategy. Starting with the essential assessments on the current state of your security, through to the creation of a comprehensive, one-page cyber plan. The discussion covers different approaches to upskilling the workforce, tools utilization, vulnerability management, relevant regulations, and selecting the best solution for your specific needs. The show also includes tips on building a roadmap, creating effective key performance indicators, and validation exercises or trap analysis to ensure the likelihood of success. At the end of the discussion, G. Mark Hardy invites listeners to reach out for any help needed for implementing these strategies. Big Thanks to our Sponsors Risk3Sixty - ISACA Event (10 Jan 2024) With G Mark Hardy CIO Wisdom Book - Transcripts - Chapters 00:00 Introduction 02:21 Building a Tactical and Strategic Plan 02:58 Assessing Your Current Cybersecurity Posture 03:11 Workforce Assessment and Rating 06:31 Understanding Your Cybersecurity Tools 08:29 Performing a Business Requirements Analysis 10:13 Defining the Desired Future State 12:03 Creating a Gap Analysis 14:14 Analyzing Current Options and Building a Roadmap 17:11 Presenting the New Plan to Management 21:36 Recap and Conclusion
23:26 12/11/23
#158 - Building a Data Security Lake (with Noam Brosh)
Discover the key to a more effective cybersecurity strategy in the newest episode of CISO Tradecraft! We're talking SOC tools, building a data lake for security, and more with guest Noam Brosh of Hunters. Don't miss it! Big Thanks to our Sponsors Risk3Sixty - Hunters - Noam Brosh - Transcripts: Youtube Link:  Chapters 00:00 Introduction and Welcome 01:20 Understanding the Role of SOC Tools 05:39 Challenges with Traditional SIEM Tools 08:48 The Shift to Data Lakes and the Impact on SIEMs 18:04 Understanding Different Cybersecurity Tools: SIEM, XDR, and SOC Platforms 19:25 The Role of Automation in Modern SOC Tools 26:01 The Importance of Third-Party Connection Tools in SOC Tools 27:27 Trends and Disruptions in the SIEM Space 28:09 Addressing False Positives in SOC Tools 31:14 Outsourcing Aspects of SOC and Staffing 36:28 Dealing with Multi-Cloud or Hybrid Cloud Environments 41:02 Reporting SOC Metrics to Executive Stakeholders
43:57 12/4/23
#157 - SOC Skills (with Hasan Eksi) Part 2
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, G Mark Hardy and Hasan Eksi from CyberNow Labs continue the discussion about the vital skills needed for an effective incident responder within a Security Operations Center (SOC). The skills highlighted in this episode include: incident triage, incident response frameworks, communication, collaboration, documentation, memory analysis, incident containment and eradication, scripting and automation, cloud security, and crisis management. Big Thanks to our Sponsors Risk3Sixty - Adlumin - Hasan Eksi's LinkedIn Profile: Transcripts: Chapters  00:00 Introduction and Recap of the 10 Previous Skills 02:25 Skill #11) Incident Triage 04:21 Skill #12) Incident Response Frameworks 07:09 Skill #13) Communication 09:38 Skill #14) Collaboration 14:58 Skill #15) Documentation 19:35 Skill #16) Memory Analysis 22:36 Skill #17) Incident Containment and Eradication 25:31 Skill #18) Scripting and Automation 28:53 Skill #19) Cloud Security 31:10 Skill #20) Crisis Management 33:58 Recap of 20 SOC Skills and Conclusion
36:06 11/27/23
#156 - SMB CISO Challenges (with Kevin O’Connor)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy talks to Kevin O'Connor, the Director of Threat Research at Adlumin. They discuss the importance of comprehensive cybersecurity for Small to Medium-sized Businesses (SMBs), including law firms and mid-sized banks. The conversation explores the complexities of managing security infrastructures, the role of managed security service providers, and the usefulness of managed detection and response systems. The discussion also delves into the increasing threat of ransomware and the critical importance of managing data vulnerabilities and providing security awareness training. Big Thanks to our Sponsor: Adlumin - Transcripts: Youtube:   Chapters 00:12 Introduction and Sponsor Message 01:42 Guest Introduction: Kevin O'Connor 02:29 Discussion on Cybersecurity Roles and Challenges 03:20 The Importance of Defense in Cybersecurity 04:23 The Role of Managed Security Services for SMBs 07:26 The Cost and Staffing Challenges of In-House SOCs 14:41 The Value of Managed Security Services for Legal Firms 16:30 The Threat Landscape for Small and Mid-Sized Banks 18:19 The Difference Between Compliance and Security 20:08 Understanding the Reality of Cybersecurity 20:45 The Challenges of Building IT Infrastructure 21:08 Outsourcing vs In-house Security Management 21:55 The Importance of Understanding Your Data 22:43 Security Operations Center vs Security Operations Platform 24:21 The Role of Managed Detection and Response 24:54 The Importance of Quick Response in Security 28:07 The Threat of Ransomware and Data Breaches 34:31 The Role of Pen Testing in Cybersecurity 36:33 The Growing Threat of Ransomware 38:28 The Importance of Security Awareness Training 40:42 The Role of Incident Response and Forensics 42:11 Final Thoughts on Cybersecurity
43:27 11/20/23
#155 - SOC Skills (with Hasan Eksi) Part 1
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft we have a detailed conversation with Hasan Eksi from CyberNow Labs. G Mark and Hasan discuss the top 20 skills required by incident responders, covering the first 10 in part 1 of this series. The discussion ranges from understanding cybersecurity fundamentals to incident detection, threat intelligence, and malware analysis. This episode aims to enhance listeners' understanding of incident response, its significance, the skills required, and strategies for effective training. Big Thanks to our Sponsor Adlumin - Hasan Eksi's LinkedIn Profile: Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 14:15 Skill 1) IT/Cyber Fundamentals 17:17 Skill 2) Incident Detection 18:34 Skill 3) Threat Intelligence 20:11 Skill 4) Cybersecurity Tools 24:12 Skill 5) Network Analysis 25:55 Skill 6) Endpoint Analysis 28:33 Skill 7) Log Analysis 32:41 Skill 8) Malware Analysis 35:20 Skill 9) Forensics 38:30 Skill 10) Vulnerability Assessment
43:31 11/13/23
#154 - Data Protection (with Amer Deeba)
In this episode of CISO Tradecraft, host G Mark Hardy welcomes special guest Amer Deeba, CEO and co-founder of Normalyze. They focus on the importance of data security in today's cloud-centric, multi-platform tech environment. Amer shares valuable insights on the need for a data security platform that offers a unified, holistic approach. The conversation also delves into the importance of understanding the value of your data, and how solutions such as Normalyze can accurately identify and classify sensitive data, measure its value, and mitigate risk of compromise. Ideal for CISOs and professionals navigating data security, this episode provides key recommendations for data visibility, security posture management, and response mechanisms, built around the principles of cybersecurity. Big Thanks to our Sponsors Normalyze - Risk3Sixty - Transcripts: Chapters 00:00 Introduction 02:46 Understanding Data Security 03:58 The Importance of Data Security 04:21 The Challenges of Data Security 08:26 The Role of Data Security Posture Management 10:31 The Value of Data and Compliance 13:58 The Importance of Real-Time Data Protection 15:31 The Role of Encryption in Data Security 17:19 Understanding the Risks of Data Breaches 18:45 The Importance of Holistic Data Security 36:26 The Role of Anomaly Checks in Data Security 37:48 Understanding Generational Data 40:38 Conclusion and Contact Information
41:38 11/6/23
#153 - Game-Based Learning (with Andy Serwin & Eric Basu)
On this episode we talk about the differences between Gamification and Game-Based Learning. We think you will enjoy hearing how Game-Based learning gets folks into the flow and creates novel training that resonates.  We also have a great discussion on how games can be applicable for Board Members and Techies.  You just need to get the right type of game for the right audience and let the magic happen. Big Thanks to our Sponsors Haiku - Risk3Sixty - Transcripts Prefer to watch on YouTube?  Chapters 00:00 Introduction 03:38 What is Game-Based Learning? 07:55 Training Board of Directors 10:18 Gamification vs Game-Based Learning 14:30 Do Your Duties 21:09 Delaware Fiduciary Duties 22:54 Building a Forge 26:11 Tailored Game Types 33:35 Teaching Girl Scouts Linux Commands 40:17 Retaining Your Best People
46:13 10/30/23

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