Show cover of This Week in Virology

This Week in Virology

TWiV is a weekly netcast about viruses - the kind that make you sick. Brought to you by four university professors and a science writer.

Tracks

TWiV 960: Getting funky with Dan Wilson
Dan Wilson of Debunk the Funk joins TWiV to explain why he decided to take on science misinformation and how he critiques people who promulgate incorrect information. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Rich Condit, and Brianne Barker Guest: Dan Wilson Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV International Scientific Coordinator Position (agajewski at icsnicaragua.org for more info) Debunk the Funk (YouTube) Letters read on TWiV 960 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project:  InstrumentalTrumpet: Clifford Brown/Miles Davis/Winton Marsalis. Clifford Brown: Signature album: Study In Brown, Signature song: Sandu; Miles Davis: Signature albums: Kind Of Blue; Sketches Of Spain; Porgy And Bess; Miles. Signature song: Time After Time. Wynton Marsalis: Signature album: Standard Time. Signature song: Do You Know What It Means To Miss New Orleans Brianne – Physicists Create a Wormhole Rich – Dec 1 APOD: Artemis 1 Flight Day 13 Vincent – An Ancient Language, Once on the Brink, Is a British Isle’s Talk of the Town Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
129:45 12/04/2022
TWiV 959: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses effectiveness of influenza vaccination of pregnant women for prevention of maternal and early infant Influenza-associated hospitalizations in South Africa, a multivalent nucleoside-modified mRNA vaccine against all known influenza virus subtypes, single and 2-dose vaccinations with modified vaccinia Ankara-Bavarian Nordic induce durable B cell memory responses comparable to replicating smallpox vaccines, whether the risk of still and preterm birth is affected by the timing of symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, medical masks versus N95 respirators for preventing COVID-19 among health care workers, alarming antibody evasion properties of rising SARS-CoV-2 BQ and XBB subvariants, real-world evidence of novel treatments for COVID-19 on mortality: a nationwide comparative cohort study of hospitalized patients in the 1st, 2nd, 3rdand 4th wave in the Netherlands, and effectiveness and safety of extended thromboprophylaxis in post-discharge patients with COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Effectiveness of Influenza vaccination in pregnant women (OFID) Multivalent nucleoside-modified mRNA vaccine against Influenza subtypes (Science) Single and 2-dose vaccinations with modified vaccinia Ankara-Bavarian Nordic (JID) Is the risk of still and preterm birth affected by the timing of symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection? (AJOG) Medical masks versus N95 respirators for preventing COVID-19 among health care workers (ACP) Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Alarming antibody evasion properties of rising SARS-CoV-2 BQ and XBB subvariants (bioRxiV) Paxlovid patient eligbiliity screening checklist (FDA) Real-world evidence of novel treatments for COVID-19 on mortality (OFID) Effectiveness and safety of extended thromboprophylaxis in post-discharge patients with COVID-19 (Thrombosis Research) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 959 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
48:08 12/03/2022
TWiV 958: Pass the RNA and have some venison pi
The TWiV team reveals a variant SARS-CoV-2 that emerged in deer with deer-to-human transmission, and hybrid virus particles produced by co-infection with influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus particles. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV Testing and evaluation specialist (Harris County Public Health) Oveta Fuller tribute (YouTube) Divergent SARS-CoV-2 in deer (Nat Micro) Hybrid influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus particles (Nat Micro) Letters read on TWiV 958 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Vocals Best female vocalists: Ella Fitzgerald/Billie Holiday, Betty Carter Best Male Vocalists: Mel Tormé/Joe Williams/Tony Bennett Brianne – ASV Curriculum Guidelines for Virology Courses Kathy – The Snow Cruiser Alan – Rescuing bats in Ukraine Vincent – Woodpeckers: The Hole Story PBS Listener Picks Florencia – World of Viruses Miguel – Foldscope Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
108:33 11/27/2022
TWiV 957: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses human monkeypox virus infection in women and non-binary individuals during the 2022 outbreaks, changes in population immunity against infection and severe disease from SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants in the United States, updates on COVID-19–related mortality, impact of community masking on COVID-19, effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines against hospitalization with Omicron sub-lineages BA.4 and BA.5 in England, cardiovascular outcomes after Tixagevimab and Cilgavimab use for pre-exposure prophylaxis against COVID-19, how Paxlovid is associated with decreased hospitalization rate among adults with COVID-19, inside the mind of an anti-paxxer, and angiotensin receptor blockers for the treatment of COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Human monkeypox virus infection in women and non-binary individuals (The Lancet) Changes in population immunity against infection and severe disease from variants (Medrxiv) Updates on COVID-19 related mortality (CDC) Impact of community masking on COVID-19 (Science) Effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines against hospitalization (The Lancet) Cardiovascular outcomes after tixagevimab and cilgavimab use for pre-exposure prophylaxis (CID) Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Paxlovid associated with decreased hospitalization among adults (CDC) Inside the mind of an Anti-Paxxer (The Atlantic) Paxlovid patient eligbiliity screening checklist (FDA) Angiotensin receptor blockers for the treatment of COVID-19 (BMJ) Long COVID treatment research study (Stanford) HHS long COVID study (pdf) Biden administration requests long COVID fu Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 957 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
43:28 11/26/2022
TWiV 956: A domesticated viral envelope with Cedric Feschotte and John Anthony Frank
Cedric and John join TWiV to discuss their research showing that a human protein derived from an ancient retrovirus infection can protect against infection by other retroviruses. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Rich Condit, and Kathy Spindler Guest: Cedric Feschotte and John Anthony Frank Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV Cedric on TWiV 935 Antiviral retroviral protein (Science) Stealing genes, facing consequences (Science) Letters read on TWiV 956 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Kathy – Wastewater Dashboard Rich – Artemis I Mission;  Artemis I launch; Artemis I Map Vincent – Pasta Grammar Listener Picks Rich – Watch a virus in the moments before it attacks Justin – Respiratory syncytial virus Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
100:57 11/20/2022
TWiV 955: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the four things to know about RSV, the burden of respiratory syncytial virus in healthy term-born infants in Europe, the diagnostic accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests for Ebola virus disease, evaluating the accuracy of self-collected swabs for the diagnosis of monkeypox, tecovirimat is effective against human monkeypox virus in vitro at nanomolar concentrations, acute and postacute sequelae associated with SARS-CoV-2 reinfection, clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection and recovery in lung transplant recipients, effectiveness of a third BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy, maternal antibody response and transplacental transfer following SARS-CoV-2 infection or vaccination in pregnancy, impact of community masking on COVID-19, Lifting Universal Masking in Schools – Covid-19 Incidence among Students and Staff, systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of Tixagevimab/Cilgavimab for prophylaxis of COVID-19 in immunocompromised patients, comparative effectiveness of sotrovimab and molnupiravir for prevention of severe COVID-19 outcomes in patients in the community, early adoption of anti–SARS-CoV-2 pharmacotherapies among us veterans with mild to moderate COVID-19, evaluation of viral and symptom rebound differences between Paxlovid and untreated COVID-19 participants, monoclonal antibodies for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, twice daily oral zinc in the treatment of patients with COVID-19, cognitive deficits in long Covid-19, severe Neuro-COVID is associated with peripheral immune signatures, autoimmunity and neurodegeneration, and long-lasting symptoms after an acute COVID-19 infection and factors associated with their resolution. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Four things to know about RSV (Gates Foundation) The burden of RSV in healthy term-born infants in Europe (The Lancet) Diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for Ebola (CMI) Accuracy of self-collected swabs for diagnosis of Monkeypox (CID) Tecovirimat is effective against human monkeypox virus in vitro (Nature) Acute and postacute sequelae associated with SARS-CoV-2 reinfection (NatureMedicine) SARS-CoV-2 infection and recovery in lung transplant recipients (Transplant Infectious Diseases) Effectiveness of third COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy (Nature Communications) Maternal antibody response and transplacental transfer following infection or vaccination (CID) Impact of community masking on COVID-19 (Science) Lifting universal masking in schools (NEJM) Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Effectiveness of Tixagevimab/Cilgavimab for prophylaxis of COVID-19 (medRxiv) Effectiveness of Sotrovimab and Molnupiravir for prevention of severe COVID-19 outcomes (BMJ) Early adoption of Anti–SARS-CoV-2 pharmacotherapies among US veterans (JAMA) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Viral and symptom rebound differences between Paxlovid and untreated COVID-19 participants (medRxiv) Monoclonal antibodies for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy (Annals of Internal Medicine) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Twice daily oral zinc in the treatment of patients with COVID-19 (CID)  Cognitive deficits in long COVID-19 (NEJM) Severe Neuro-COVID associated with peripheral immune signatures, autoimmunity and neurodegeneration (Nature Communications) Long-lasting symptoms after an acute COVID-19 Infection (JAMA) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 955 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
46:50 11/19/2022
TWiV 954: Speculating sarbecovirus spillovers with Michael Letko
Michael Letko joins TWiV to discuss his research on understanding cell receptors required for sarbecovirus entry, including an ACE2-dependent isolate from Russian bats that is resistant to vaccine-induced antibodies. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Rich Condit,  Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Guest: Michael Letko Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV Cell entry of SARS-CoV-2 and other sarbecoviruses (Nat Micro) ACE2-dependent sarbecovirus in Russian bats (PLoS Path) Letters read on TWiV 954 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Brianne – Sometimes This Octopus is So Mad it Just Wants to Throw Something or The Cosmic Bat Nebula Kathy – APODs  Jupiter,  Lunar Eclipse Blood Moon, Ice Giant Rich – Mirror-image T7 transcription of chirally inverted ribosomal and functional RNAs (Wiki: Mirror Life) Vincent – The 2022-2023 Respiratory Virus Season Hits Early and Hard: Part 1 Listener Pick Debby – Celebrate Bob McDonald’s 30 years as host of Quirks & Quarks Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
110:06 11/13/2022
TWiV 953: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses high demand for Amoxicillin causing shortages amid child RSV surge, epidemiologic and clinical features of children and adolescents aged
54:56 11/12/2022
TWiV 952: Jake Scott put the ID in COVID-19
Infectious Disease physician Jake Scott joins TWiV to provide a west coast clinical perspective on the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic with respect to the impact of vaccines, antivirals, variants of concern and mortality. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, Rich Condit,  and Kathy Spindler Guest: Jake Scott Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV Omicron variant reproduction ex vivo (Nature) Clinical outcomes with Omicron (Nat Med) Low neutralizing antibodies induced by bivalent booster (NEJM) Antibody responses to bivalent booster (bioRxiV) Spike T cell responses not enhanced by bivalent booster (Sci Immunol) Pandemic end will not be televised (BMJ) Conflation of infection and disease (Twitter) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Kathy – 10 moments for Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra Residency (Item 7) and Alan’s pick from TWiV 931 The Kissing Bug by Daisy Hernandez Rich – Wilderness Safaris Photographic Competition 2022 Alan – Massachusetts Science Education Leadership Association, and the talk I gave to them last week Vincent – Andrea Camillieri and his protagonist Inspector Montalbano Listener Pick Frank – Economics for the Future: Beyond the Superorganism Debby – As routine vaccination rates fall, polio survivor hopes her story reverses urgent trend Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
104:30 11/06/2022
TWiV 951: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses Influenza incidence and vaccine effectiveness during the southern hemisphere influenza season in Chile, Nirsevimab for prevention of RSV infection in healthy late-preterm and term infants, severe Monkeypox in hospitalized patients, reinfections with different SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants, impact of community masking on COVID-19 in Bangladesh, unadjuvanted intranasal spike vaccine elicits protective mucosal immunity against sarbecoviruses, antibody responses to Omicron BA.4/BA.5 bivalent mRNA vaccine booster shot, immunogenicity of bivalent mRNA vaccine boosters, long-term gastrointestinal sequelae following COVID-19, evaluation of an automated text message–based program to reduce use of acute health care resources after hospital discharge, and how in adults with COVID-19, melatonin was assessed for effects on inflammatory markers, clinical signs and symptoms, and mortality. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Influenza incidence and vaccine effectiveness (CDC) Nirsevimab for prevention of RSV (NEJM) Severe Monkeypox in hospitalized patients (CDC) Reinfections with different SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants (CDC) Impact of community masking on COVID-19 (Science) Vaccine elicits protective immunity against sarbecoviruses (Science) Antibody responses to bivalent mRNA vaccine booster shot (Biorxiv) Immunogenicity of bivalent mRNA vaccine boosters (Biorxiv) Long-term gastrointestinal sequelae following COVID-19 (CGH) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Evaluation of an automated text message–based program (JAMA) Melatonin assessed for effects on inflammatory markers in COVID patients (Heliyon) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 951 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
49:45 11/05/2022
TWiV 950: Prion diseases with Richard Knight
From the European Society for Clinical Virology 2022 Conference in Manchester UK, Vincent speaks with Richard Knight about prion diseases and the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalitis that led to cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. Host: Vincent Racaniello Guest: Richard Knight Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode National CJD Research and Surveillance Unit Clinical diagnosis of human prion disease (Prog Mol Biol Trans Sci) Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Handbook Clin Viral) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Adv Exp Med Biol) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
43:23 10/30/2022
TWiV 949: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses progress toward poliomyelitis eradication in Pakistan, polio by the numbers , influenza and COVID-19 vaccination coverage among health care personnel, phase 1/2a safety and immunogenicity of an adenovirus 26 vector RSV vaccine encoding prefusion F in adults 18–50 years and RSV seropositive children 12–24 months, receipt of first and second doses of JYNNEOS vaccine for prevention of Monkeypox, distinguishing SARS-CoV-2 persistence and reinfection, Novavax NVX-COV2373 triggers potent neutralization of Omicron sub-lineages, association between regular physical activity and the protective effect of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 in a South African case, COVID-19 outcomes in solid organ transplant recipients who received Tixagevimab-cilgavimab Prophylaxis and/or Bebtelovimab treatment, Omicron sublineage BA.2.75.2 exhibits extensive escape from neutralizing antibodies, and Tocilizumab versus Baricitinib in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Progress toward Poliomyelitis eradication (CDC) Polio by the numbers (JID) Influenza & COVID-19 vaccination coverage among health care personnel (CDC) Phase 1/2a Safety & Immunogenicity of an adenovirus RSV Vaccine (JID) Receipt of first & second doses of JYNNEOS vaccine  (CDC) Distinguishing SARS-CoV-2 persistence and reinfection (CID) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury) Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Novavax triggers potent neutralization of Omicron sub-lineages (bioRxiV) Association between physical activity & vaccination protective effect (BMJ) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) COVID-19 outcomes in solid organ transplant recipients who received monoclonal antibodies (Transplantation) Omicron BA.2.75.2 exhibits escape from neutralizing antibodies (bioRxiV) Tocilizumab vs. Baricitinib in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19 (CMI) Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 949 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
45:09 10/29/2022
TWiV 948: Breathless with David Quammen
David Quammen returns to TWiV to discuss how he wrote his new book ‘Breathless’, a story about the science and the scientists behind the race to understand the pandemic coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Rich Condit,  Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Guest: David Quammen Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Boston Quammens (TWiV 408) Breathless by David Quammen Spillover by David Quammen Song of the Dodo by David Quammen Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks David – Shepherd Brianne – Adventure Aquarium Kathy – DART results (Narrative, images) Rich – “Elementary” TV series Vincent – Stop passing the buck on intro science Listener Pick Rich – Consensus Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
109:35 10/23/2022
TWiV 947: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the prediction of upcoming global infection burden of influenza seasons after relaxation of public health and social measures during the COVID-19 pandemic, severe COVID-19 outcomes after full vaccination of primary schedule and initial boosters, and how successful immunomodulators for treatment of COVID-19 have opened the pathway for comparative trials. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt at Vaccinated.US Prediction of upcoming global infection burden of Influenza (The LANCET) Severe COVID-19 outcomes after full vaccination (The LANCET) Successful immunomodulators for treatment of COVID-19 (CMI) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 947 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
33:44 10/22/2022
TWiV 946: Poo versus flu
Angela Mingarelli joins TWiV to discuss whether the gut microbiota of bats confers tolerance to influenza virus infection in mice, and primate hemorrhagic fever-causing arteriviruses that can reproduce in human cells and might be capable of infecting humans. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Rich Condit,  and Brianne Barker Guest: Angela Mingarelli Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) Bat gut microbiota and flu infection in mice (Transbound Emerg Dis) Primate hemorrhagic fever-causing arteriviruses (Cell) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz pics: #5. Small group.  Art Blakey and the Jazz Messenger: Art Blakey, Drums; Lee Morgan, Trumpet; Benny Golson, Tenor saxophone; Bobby Timmons, Piano; Jymie Merrit, Bass (1958-1964). Signature album: Art Blakey And The Jazz Messengers: Blues March: Signature song: Blues March Brianne – Why Chimps and Gorillas Form Rainforest Friendships Rich – Fly Water – FPV to New Depths Alan – The Seven Words You Can’t Say on Television, by George Carlin, and its repercussions Angela – Nature’s Inspiring Women in Science Award Vincent – Mysteries of Nevada Barr and her protagonist Anna Pigeon Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
109:15 10/16/2022
TWiV 945: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses a healthcare-associated infection with Monkeypox virus, air and surface sampling for monkeypox virus in a UK hospital, misrepresentation and nonadherence regarding COVID19 public health measures, tolerability and immunogenicity of an intranasally-administered adenovirus-vectored COVID-19 vaccine, clinical, virologic, and immunologic evaluation of symptomatic rebound following Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir treatment, early outpatient treatment with Eemdesivir in patients at high risk for severe COVID-19, Molnupiravir plus usual care versus usual care alone as early treatment for adults with COVID-19 at increased risk of adverse outcomes, and outcomes among confirmed cases and a matched comparison group in the long-COVID in Scotland. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position with Amy Rosenfeld (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt at Vaccinated.US A healthcare-associated infection with monkeypox virus (OFID) Air and surface sampling for monkeypox virus (The Lancet) Misrepresentation & nonadherence in COVID-19 public health measures (JAMA) Tolerability and immunogenicity of a COVID-19 vaccine (The Lancet) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Evaluation of symptomatic disease rebound following PAXLOVID (CID) Outpatient treatment with Remdesivir in patients at high risk (OFID) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Molnupiravir as early treatment for adults with COVID-19 (SSRN) Outcomes among confirmed cases and matched comparison group in long-COVID (Nature) Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 945 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
44:29 10/15/2022
TWiV 944: Hacking through Borneo with Kathryn Hanley
Kathryn Hanley joins TWiV to discuss her career and the research in her laboratory on the molecular biology, evolution and ecology of emerging RNA viruses and their insect vectors. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Rich Condit,  and Kathy Spindler Guest: Kathryn Hanley Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) One bite is all it takes (TWiV 587) CREATE-NEO Shifts in Borneo mosquito diversity (Ecosphere) VSV surveillance along Rio Grande (PLoS Path) Virulence a trade-off between transmission and clearance (Viruses) West Nile virus disease indicators (Viruses) Identify mosquito meals by barcoding (Trop Med Inf Dis) SkitoSnack (Sci Rep) Neal Nathanson dies (Baltimore Sun) VRR interview with Neal Nathanson (YouTube) Letters read on TWiV 944 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Kathy – Car Talk Puzzler Archive Rich – The Molecular Biologist Who Exposed the Soviet Union”  by Sean B. Carroll Vincent – NYU Chemistry prof fired because his course was too difficult Listener Pick Jack – The Everything Virus Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
113:47 10/09/2022
TWiV 943: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses high points of the multi-national monkeypox outbreaks, monkeypox virus genome mutations, possible occupational infection of healthcare workers with monkeypox virus, rates of monkeypox cases by vaccination status, protection of SARS-CoV-2 infection against reinfection, Paxlovid significantly reduces COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths, and rebound in COVID19 with and without Paxlovid treatment. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position with Amy Rosenfeld (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt at Vaccinated.US Multi-National Monkeypox outbreak (CDC) Mutation of the Monkeypox Virus (Nature) Occupational infection of Healthcare workers with Monkeypox (CDC) Rates of Monkeypox cases by vaccination status (CDC) Protection of SARS-CoV-2 natural infection against reinfection (CMI) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Paxlovid reduces COVID19 hospitalizations & deaths (EPIC) Paxlovid rebound in COVID19 (NEJM) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 943 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
42:34 10/08/2022
Public Health with Laurie Garrett: Wastewater Testing
Laurie Garrett discusses the role of wastewater testing in public health and her idea of a device that could be used by anyone to analyze water samples. This podcast is not an episode of TWiV, but I thought it would be of interest to listeners. Laurie Garrett and Vincent Racaniello Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) Coliform testing of water in Florida (YouTube) Declining cost of genome sequencing (Illumina) National wastewater surveillance system (CDC) Advances in detection of viruses in wastewater (Med Express) Wastewater monitoring comes of age (Nature) Monitoring monkeypox virus in wastewater (Med Express) Poliovirus wastewater surveillance in NY (Dept of Health) Wastewater surveillance in NYS (Dept of Health) Estimating norovirus infections through wastewater (Water Res) Estimating antimicrobial resistant bacteria through latrine water (Antimicro Res Inf Control) Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
60:47 10/04/2022
TWiV 942: Omicron boosters with Paul Offit
Paul Offit returns to TWiV for a discussion of SARS-CoV-2 bivalent boosters containing ancestral and Omicron spike mRNAs, including their composition, why they are being recommended by CDC, and who would benefit the most from them. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Rich Condit,  Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Guest: Paul Offit Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) CDC oversells bivalent booster (Wall St Journal) FDA authorizes bivalent COVID-19 booster Letters read on TWiV 942 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz favorites: Small group #4: Gerry Mulligan Quartet with Chet Baker: Gerry Mulligan, Baritone saxophone; Carson Smith, Bass; Larry Bunker, Drums, Chet Baker, Trumpet. Signature album: The Best Of The Gerry Mulligan Quartet With Chet Baker: Signature song: My Funny Valentine. Second pick: Wonder: Childhood and the Lifelong love of Science. Frank C. Keil. Brianne – A Devious Cellular Trick Cancers Can Use to Escape Your Immune System Kathy – Durable antimicrobial coating Rich – One Health Vincent – The works of Dashiell Hammett Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
113:54 10/02/2022
TWiV 941: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses increased acute respiratory illnesses among children and adolescents, estimates of monkeypox incubation period, generation time, and reproduction number, rapid increase in suspected SARS-CoV-2 reinfections, interim infection prevention and control recommendations for healthcare personnel during COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2 secondary attack rates in vaccinated and unvaccinated household contacts during replacement of delta with omicron variant, breakthrough infection by SARS-CoV-2 delta and omicron variants elicited immune response comparable to mRNA booster vaccination, interval between prior SARS-CoV-2 infection and booster vaccination impacts magnitude and quality of antibody and B cell responses, further humoral immunity evasion of emerging SARS-CoV-2 BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants, short-course early outpatient Remdesivir prevents severe disease due to COVID-19 in organ transplant recipients during the Omicron BA.2 wave, effectiveness of Molnupiravir in high risk patients, and primary care and a distinct symptom pattern for long COVID. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position with Amy Rosenfeld (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt at Vaccinated.US Increase in Acute Respiratory illnesses among children and adolescents (CDC) Estimates of Monkeypox incubation period, generation time, reproduction number (CDC) Rapid increase in suspected SARS-CoV-2 reinfections (CDC) Infection prevention and control recommendations for healthcare providers (CDC) SARS-CoV-2 attack rate in vaccinated and unvaccinated household contacts (CDC) Breakthrough Infection by variants elicited immune response comparable to vaccine (JID) Interval between prior SARS-CoV-2 infection and booster vaccination impacts (CELL) Humoral immunity evasion of BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants (The Lancet) Outpatient Remdesivir prevents severe disease in organ transplant recipients (Am J Transplant)  PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Effectiveness of Molnupiravir in high risk patients (CID) Update on Long COVID for primary care (BMJ) Distinct symptom pattern emerges for COVID-19 long-haul (Scientific Reports) Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 941 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
50:12 10/01/2022
TWiV 940: Eddie Holmes in on viral origins
Eddie Holmes joins TWiV to discuss his role in the first release of the SARS-CoV-2 genome sequence, what really happened during the infamous Fauci teleconference, and evidence that the virus came from Nature and not from a lab. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello and Dickson Despommier Guest: Eddie Holmes Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) Novel 2019 coronavirus genome (Virological) Proximal origins of SARS-CoV-2 (Virological and Nature versions) Original paper on new CoV in China that led to genome sequence release (Nature) Reporting on Fauci teleconference (USA Today) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
92:02 09/28/2022
TWiV 939: From lizards to Lassa with Tom Monath
Tom Monath joins TWiV to discuss his wide-ranging career that includes medicine, field work and vaccine development while working for the US government, the US military, and multiple biotechnology companies. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, and Rich Condit Guest: Tom Monath Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) Fever by John Fuller (Amazon) Crozet BioPharma Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz – Small Group #3:  Dave Brubeck Quartet. Dave Brubeck, Piano; Joe Morello, Drums, Paul Desmond, Alto Saxophone, Eugene Wright, Bass: Signature Album: Time Out. Signature Song: Take Five. Rich – Wilderness Safaris (wiki) Alan – Madhouse at the End of the Earth, by Julian Sancton Vincent – Raymond Chandler and his protagonist Philip Marlowe. Listener Picks Philip – Students bitten by bats inside college residence hall Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
121:05 09/25/2022
TWiV 938: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin reviews the public health response to poliovirus in New York, impact of mandatory influenza vaccination, monkeypox in a young infant, health care worker exposure to monkeypox virus, monkeypox testing delays, transmission potential of monkeypox virus, TPOXX trial for monkeypox, detection of SARS-CoV-2 subgenomic mRNA, mucosal IgA against SARS-CoV-2, BNT262b2 against Omicron, awareness and use of SARS-CoV-2 antivirals, comparable outcomes for Bebtelovimab and Nirmatrelvir, and COVID-19 and Alzheimer's disease. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt at Vaccinated.US Research assistant position with Amy Rosenfeld (pdf) Public health response to polio in New York (MMWR) Impact of mandatory influenza vaccination (Cambridge Core) Monkeypox in young infant (MMWR) Health care worker exposure to monkeypox virus (MMWR) Monkeypox testing delays (Cambridge Core) Monkeypox in smallpox vaccinated patient (Emerg Inf Dis) Transmission potential of monkeypox virus (Int J Epidemiol) TPOXX trial for monkeypox (ACTG) SARS-CoV-2 subgenomic mRNA detection (J Inf Dis) Quantitative SARS-CoV-2 subgenomic mRNA for Remdesivir treatment (Clin Inf Dis) Anti-spike mucosal IgA (NEJM) BNT262bs against Omicron sublineages (NEJM) Awareness and use of SARS-CoV-2 antivirals (Clin Inf Dis) Comparable outcomes for Bebtelovimab and Nirmatrelvir treatment (J Inf Dis) COVID-19 and Alzheimer's disease (J Alzheimer's Dis) Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 938 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
53:03 09/24/2022
TWiV 937: Pediatric hepatitis with Emma Thomson
From the European Society for Clinical Virology 2022 Conference in Manchester UK, Vincent speaks with Emma Thomson about the recent outbreak of pediatric hepatitis of unknown etiology and the finding that it is linked to infection by adenovirus-associated virus 2. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello Guest: Emma Thomson Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Thomson laboratory Emma on TWiV 188 and TWiV 341 AAV2-associated pediatric hepatitis (bioRxiv) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
60:55 09/18/2022
TWiV 936: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses detection of a highly divergent type 3 vaccine-derived poliovirus in a child with a severe primary immunodeficiency disorder, severe respiratory illnesses associated with rhinoviruses and/or enteroviruses including EV-D68, effects of vaccination and previous infection on Omicron infections in children, COVID-19-associated hospitalizations among vaccinated and unvaccinated adults 18 years or older in 13 US states, effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines over time prior to Omicron emergence in Ontario, Canada, nasal IgA wanes 9 months after hospitalization with COVID-19 and is not induced by subsequent vaccination,  resistance of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariant BA.4.6 to antibody neutralization, persistent circulating SARS-CoV-2 spike associated with post-acute COVID-19 sequelae, and impact of COVID-19 vaccination on the risk of developing long-covid and on existing long-covid symptoms. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Detection of poliovirus in immunosuppressed child (CDC) Severe respiratory illnesses associated with rhinoviruses and/or enteroviruses (CDC) Effects of vaccination and previous Omicron infection in children (NEJM) COVID-19 hospitalizations among vaccinated and unvaccinated adults (JAMA) Effectiveness of vaccines prior to Omicron (IDSA) Nasal iga wanes 9 months after COVID hospitalization (medRxiv) Resistance of Omicron subvariant to antibody neutralization (BioRxiv) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) SARS-CoV-2 spike is associated with post-acute sequelae (IDSA) Impact of vaccination on the risk of developing long-COVID (The Lancet) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 936 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
52:06 09/17/2022
TWiV 935: Mobile DNA with Cedric Feschotte
Vincent travels to Cornell University to speak with Cedric about his career and his research on mobile genetic elements such as transposons and endogenous viruses and how they have shaped the evolution of nearly all organisms. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello Guest: Cedric Feschotte Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Feschotte laboratory Field guide to transposable elements (Ann Rev Genetics) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
83:13 09/11/2022
TWiV 934: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses variant influenza virus infections: recommendations for identification, treatment, and prevention for summer and fall 2022, low levels of monkeypox virus neutralizing antibodies after MVA-BN vaccination in healthy individuals, using the right tools at the right time for SARS-COV-2 infection, onset and window of SARS-COV-2 infectiousness and temporal correlation with symptom onset, transmission of SARS-COV-2: a review of viral, host, and environmental factors, antibody persistence and safety through 6 months after heterologous orally aerosolized Ad5-nCoV in individuals primed with two-dose vaccine, timely administration of tocilizumab improves outcome of hospitalized COVID-19 patients, administration of anti–SARS-COV-2 monoclonal antibodies after US Food and Drug Administration deauthorization, and clinical and genetic risk factors for acute incident venous thromboembolism in ambulatory patients with COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode 2022 recommendations for Influenza infections (CDC) Low levels of monkeypox neutralizing antibodies after vaccination (medRxiv) Using the right tools during SARS-CoV-2 infection (ESMED) Onset and window of SARS-CoV-2 infectiousness with symptom onset (The LANCET) Transmission of SARS-COV-2 (ACP Journals) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) Administration of anti–SARS-COV-2 monoclonal antibodies (JAMA) Clinical and genetic risk factors for thromboembolism (JAMA) Administration of tocilizumab improves outcomes (PLOS One) Antibody persistence and safety through 6 months (medRxiv) Improve risk score for thromboembolism (mdCalc) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 934 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
52:27 09/10/2022
TWiV 933: Island-hopping bats
TWiV discusses a new henipavirus from fruit bats in Madagascar, and attenuation of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron disease in mice caused by genome mutations outside of the spike protein coding region. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) Beijerinck virology prize (KNAW) Nipah virus vaccine (TWiV 618) Novel henipavirus from Madagascar (J Viral) Spike-independent Omicron attenuation in mice (Cell Rep) Letters read on TWiV 933 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Small groups: 3.  Modern Jazz Quartet. Signature song: Skating in Central Park. Signature album: Django. Brianne – To Prevent a Martian Plague, NASA Needs to Build a Very Special Lab Kathy – Physics Girl – Overnight in the Most Remote Camp on Earth Vincent – Lab leaders wrestle with paucity of postdocs Listener Picks Gary – Stan Kenton Orchestra Miguel – Microsoft Premonition Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv
107:41 09/04/2022
TWiV 932: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses vaccine effectiveness against influenza illness in children, clinical manifestations of infection with poliovirus, spike protein-independent attenuation of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in laboratory mice, concordance of SARS-CoV-2 results in self-collected nasal swabs vs swabs collected by health care workers in children and adolescents, probable animal-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 causing a pet shop-related outbreak, laboratory-confirmed COVID-19–associated hospitalizations among adults during BA.2 variant, SARS-CoV-2 specific T-cells and antibodies, Nirmatrelvir use and outcomes during the Omicron surge, real-world effectiveness of early Molnupiravir or Nirmatrelvir–ritonavir in hospitalized patients, and distinguishing features of long COVID. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Vaccine effectiveness against Influenza illness in children (CID) Clinical manifestations of infection with Polio (JAMA) Characteristics of deaths among fully vaccinated persons with Coronavirus (CID) Spike protein attenuation of Omicron Variant in lab mice (Cell Reports) Concordance of SARS-CoV-2 results in nasal swabs self-collected vs healthcare collected (JAMA) Probable animal-to-human transmission of Sars-Cov-2 (CID) PAXLOVID patient eligibility screening checklist (FDA) Remdesivir fact sheet for providers (Veklury)  Bebtelovimab fact sheet for providers (FDA) COVID-19–associated hospitalizations among adults during BA.2 variant (CDC) Sars-Cov-2 specific T-cells and antibodies (CID) Nirmatrelvir use and outcomes during the Omicron surge (NEJM) Effectiveness of early Molnupiravir or Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir in hospitalized patients (The Lancet) Distinguishing features of long COVID (medRxiv) Unexplained post-acute infection syndromes (Nature Med) Contribute to Floating Doctors fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin’s treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 932 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv
49:47 09/03/2022