Show cover of Then and Now: Global History and Culture

Then and Now: Global History and Culture

"Then and Now" connects events from the past with today's news headlines. Current episodes are history topics from my global culture and history course. In 2006, the podcast started with students in my introductory global history and culture course at the Univ of Minn. Previous episodes reviewed history topics, special music episodes connecting a country's culture with its music, interviews with voices of students and community members as they were part of historical events, and other topics. Episodes featured independent music artists. Share comments about the podcast with David Arendale, arendale@umn.edu

Tracks

The Cold War: End of the Conflict, 6 of 6
S16-E01 Topics: Strategic Defense Initiative, The Day After movie, Eastern Europe Collapse, Post Cold War Era. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
28:16 3/14/24
The Cold War: Global Conflict, 5 of 6
S16-E05 Topics: Korean Conflict, Domino Theory of Communist Conquest, Cuban Missile Crisis, Israel Established, Arab-Israel Wars. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
29:33 3/7/24
The Cold War: U.S. Responses, 4 of 6
S16-E04 Topics: Marshall Plan for Western Europe, Truman Doctrine to protect democracies, Berlin Airlift to Avoid Russian Blockade. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
37:29 3/5/24
The Cold War: Arming of the East and West, 3 of 6
S16-E03 Topics: Arming of the East and the West, formation of NATO pact, formation of the WARSAW pact. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org
17:40 2/23/24
The Cold War: Hollywood Movies, 2 of 6
S16-E02 Topics: Fail Safe movie, Dr. Strangelove movie, On the Beach movie, Duck and Cover movie. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
27:41 2/23/24
The Cold War: Beginning of the War, 1 of 6
S16-E01 Topics: Origins of the Cold War, the Red Panic in U.S. society, fear of atomic war, U.S. House Committee on Unamerican Activities, and Senator Joseph McCarthy. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
29:53 2/10/24
WWII: One War Ends and Another Begins, 8 of 8
S15-E20 Topics: Key Turning Points in the War Reviewed, Lessons from the War, Consequences of the War, Beginning of the Cold War. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
13:42 11/11/22
WWII: Battles Fought at the Homefront, 7 of 8
S15-E19 Topics: Involvement of Civilians at the Homefront for each Nation at War, Propaganda Messaging, Use of Movies to Influence Public Opinion. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
20:08 11/4/22
WWII: Pacific Theater, 6 of 8
S15-E18 Topics: Pacific Theater, Japan War Aims, Bombing of Pearl Harbor, US Strategy of Island Hopping, Primarily War Fought by Airplanes The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
30:33 10/28/22
WWII: Battle of Stalingrad, 5 of 8
S15-E17 Topics: Battle of Stalingrad in Russia, First Major Defeat of the Germans, Failure to Permit Local Military Commanders to Make Decisions. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
24:55 10/21/22
WWII: D-Day Invasion of Europe, 4 of 8
S15-E16 Topics: D-Day Invasion of Europe The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
22:33 10/14/22
WWII: Air Battle of Britain, 3 of 8
S15-E15 Topics: Air Battle of Britain, Role of Technology, Home Field Advantage for Britain, Role of Sir Winston Churchill The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
30:31 10/7/22
WWII: Key Turning Points, 2 of 8
S15-E14 Topics: Key turning points of World War Two; Battle of Midway; Role of Aircraft Carriers. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
28:40 9/30/22
WWII: Overview of WWII, 1 of 8
S15-E13 Topics: Overview of WWII, Causes of WWII, Nazi Blitzkrieg. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
25:12 9/23/22
Between WWI and WWII: Preparing the U.S. for WWII, 6 of 6
S15-E12 Topics: Charlie Chaplin, Frank Capra, The Great Dictator, Why and the Why We Fight Movie Series. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
55:55 9/16/22
Between WWI and WWII: Poor Communication Among World Leaders, 5 of 6
S15-E11 Topics: Prime Minister Chamberlin, Adolph Hitler, and Miscommunication among World Leaders. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
11:43 9/9/22
Between WWI and WWII: Understanding the United States, 4 of 6
S15-E10 Topics: FDR and the New Deal, Normalcy, Isolationism, Great Depression, Monroe Doctrine, and the WPA. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
13:06 9/2/22
Between WWI and WWII: Understanding Italy and Germany, 3 of 6
S15-E09 Topics: Understanding Desires and Needs of Germany, Totalitarism Compared, Basic Features of Nazism, and rise of Hitler. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
29:03 8/27/22
Between WWI and WWII: Understanding Japan, 2 of 6
S15-E07 Topics: Understanding Desires and Needs of Japan, Shidelhara Diplomacy, Zaibatsu Economy, Experiment with Democracy, Perception of Economic Warfare by Western Countries, and Japan’s Need for Geographical Expansion. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments on the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org
20:27 7/29/22
Communism: Tiananmen Square Protest, 6 of 6
S15-E06 Topics: Tiananmen Square nonviolent protest and brutal suppression, Tank Man, inspiration for nonviolent protest. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org
36:11 3/24/22
Communism: Violence Justified for Change, 5 of 6
S15-E05 Topics: justification by Lenin and Mao for violence to cause desired change, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China, role of the Red Guard in China, attack on the bourgeoisie. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
09:54 3/17/22
Communism: China under Communism, 4 of 6
S15-E04 Topics: biography of Mao, justification for short term violence for change, importance of The Little Red Book, use of the Red Guard for change, The Peasant’s Movement in Hunan, land reform movement. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org
08:58 3/10/22
Communism: Poland Breaks Away, 3 of 6
S15-E03 Topics: cycle of revolution, nonviolent protest of Dr. Martin Luther King and Gandhi, analysis of the Poland protest, and Lech Walensa. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
36:00 3/3/22
Communism: Life After Stalin, 2 of 6
S15-E02 Topics: Destalinization, Nikita Khrushchev, Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate and President Reagan, and Strategic Defense Initiative. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
16:57 2/24/22
Communism: Stalin Consolidates Power, 1 of 6
S15-E01 Topics: interaction of economic and political theories; phases of the Russian revolution; Russia restructures under Stalin, Stalin’s Gosplan; role of the Secret Police; and biography of Stalin. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
27:35 2/21/22
WWI, Catalyst for Russian Communist Revolution, 5 of 5
S14-E19 Topics: Immediate and long-term causes of the revolution, phases of the Communist Revolution, and Communist civil war. PDF documents: The October Revolution, Russian Civil War, and Vladimir Lenin biography. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
25:04 1/6/22
WWI: One War Ends and Another Will Begin, 4 of 5
S14-E18 Topics: WWI consequences, WWI bridges to WWII, the catalyst for Russian Communist Revolution, and Treaty of Versailles. PDF documents: Aftermath of WWI, President Wilson’s Fourteen Points, and Treaty of Versailles. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
15:49 12/30/21
WWI, Russians Leave and U.S. Arrives, 3 of 5
S14-E17 Topics: tank warfare, Battle of Verdun, Meuse-Argonne Battle, Russians leave WWI, U.S. enters WWI, and armistice. PDF documents: U.S. entry to WWI, Battle of Verdun, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, and tanks in WWI. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
14:46 12/23/21
WWI, 1915-1916 in the Air, Land, and Sea, 2 of 5
S14-E16 Topics: initial crisis, trench warfare, submarines, and WWI aircraft. PDF documents: WWI aviation, technology overview, and trench warfare. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
24:14 12/16/21
WWI, Roots of the Great War, 1 of 5
S14-E15 This new unit explores WW I and the Russian Communist Revolution. Topics include: key history forces; and the role of nationalism, militarism, and propaganda. PDF documents: WWI overview, WWI causes, PowerPoint slides, and assigned readings. The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible, Castbox.fm, Deezer, Facebook, Gaana, Google Podcast, iHeartRadio, Player.fm, Radio Public, Samsung Listen, Stitcher, TuneIn, Twitter, Vurbl, and YouTube. Automatically available through these podcast apps: Castamatic, iCatcher, Overcast, Pocket Casts, RSSRadio, and more. Please post comments to the individual episodes, post to the iTunes podcast review and rating section, and email to me, arendale@umn.edu You can also check out my other four podcasts and other social media at www.davidmedia.org 
20:13 12/9/21

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